Friday, March 13, 2015

Ukraine is divided in two, with or without Russia | Russia Direct

March 18 marks the anniversary of the signing of the agreement incorporating Crimea to Russia. This controversial event meant changing the Ukrainian borders from what they had been as the former Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. A year later we can say that Ukraine’s fragmentation continues.
Alienation continues to grow among various ethnic and cultural regions in the country. To maintain control of a range of these regions (Odessa, Kharkov and even Vinnitsa), Kiev has had to use force or place them under limited military administration.

The causes of the Ukrainian conflict are largely internal in nature. Moscow and Washington can make use of the contradictions among different regions in Ukraine for its own purposes. But, even if the Kremlin decided to withdraw entirely from Ukrainian affairs tomorrow, it would not mean a cessation of hostilities. The ethnic-territorial division of Ukraine would continue for objective reasons. There is a developing model of disintegration among modern states.

The historical basis of modern Ukraine

The historical ideological basis of Ukrainian identity - “ukrainstvo” as Georgy Fedotov, a Russian religious philosopher and historian, called it - was the “Galician-Poltavan Plan.” At the end of the 19th century, Malaya (“Little”) Russian identity was based around the Poltavan community. In the 1880s, as a result of Alexander III’s repressive policies, the center for the “Ukrainian” movement relocated from Poltava to Galicia. During the Civil War several unsuccessful attempts were made to create a Ukrainian state based on the Galicia and Poltava regions.

Complete story at - Ukraine is divided in two, with or without Russia | Russia Direct

Local residents walk past Soviet-era hammer and sickle sculptures outside an apartment building damaged after Saturday's shellingin Mariupol, Ukraine, Wednesday, Jan. 28, 2015. The military conflict between Russia-backed separatists and the government forces in eastern Ukraine has been raging since April, claiming more than 5,100 lives, according to the United Nations. Photo: AP

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